Communication across a
language barrier among foreigners...
visual communication is greatly beneficial for communicating with foreigners
or people with different languages and/or communication modes.
Foreign travellers, immigrants,
and refugees can cross a language barrier, using various visual communication
modes, such as: full-fledged sign languages, International Sign, body language,
gestures, and/or even drawing!
International Sign Language
(previously known as old term, "Gestuno") is an artificially devised
Gestuno is to Deaf as Esperanto
is to Hearing.
Contrary to the popular
belief, a sign Language itself is not a universal language.
Like spoken languages, sign
languages around the world are entirely different.
International Sign is composed
of vocabulary signs from different sign languages that Deaf people agreed
to use at international events and meeting.
Who and Why...
"unification" of sign languages was discussed at the World Congress
of the WFD (World Federation of the Deaf) in Rome, Italy, in 1951 before
the "Gestuno" was first termed.
is roughly an Italian word for "oneness of sign languages".
The International Sign helps
Deaf officials, as well as as well as some culturally Deaf individuals and
athletes, communicate at ease at international level meetings, conventions,
games and such.
Many fluent sign language
interpreters also find themselves communicate with other foreign interpreters
easier than without sign languages.
Those who do not know signs
sometimes find themselves using gestures and/or mimes with other foreigners
in a foreign country.
Sign has been developed by Deaf people at the international events, such
as World Congress of the WFD and World Games for the Deaf. The signs were
selectively loaned from different sign languages around the world.
For example, see how three signs for "government" from three different
sign languages are comparable. Which one of those below would you understand
Mostly, native or fluent signers
would point to the third one which is more iconic with the 'crown' and its
association with the Scandinavian governments.
Thus, this sign was selected
for "government" in the International Sign.